Born in 1868 on Okinawa island,the founder of modern Karate-do is Sensei Gichin Funakoshi. Poète et calligraphe de talent, il était finement cultivé, et restait très attaché aux traditions. De faible constitution, il pratiqua très jeune un Karaté qui lui épargna toute sa vie la visite du médecin. Instituteur le jour, il s’entraînait la nuit auprès des Maîtres Anko Asato (1828-1906) et Anko Itosu (1830-1915), alors que cette pratique restait proscrite par les autorités.
C'est lors d'une démonstration en 1922 sur Honshu, la principale île japonaise, que Maître Funakoshi fit reconnaître le Karaté-do comme Budo devant l'ensemble des Maîtres des différentes disciplines du Budokai. Cette démonstration se déroula grâce à son ami le Maître Jigoro Kano, fondateur du Judo, et Maître Funakoshi ne reviendra pas à Okinawa. Laissant famille et emploi, il enseignera son art en vivant d’un emploi de concierge. Les élèves commencèrent à affluer, et en 1935, ils créèrent l’association Shotokai pour soutenir leur Maître.
Après avoir assuré dans divers dojos la renommée du Karaté-do, que Maître Funakoshi traduisit comme « la voie de la main vide », il construisit en 1936 son propre dojo, le "Dainippon Karate-do Shotokan Dojo", qui fut détruit en 1945 sous les bombardements.
Son fils Yoshikata "Gigo" Funakoshi décéda en 1948. En 1949, quand le Maître Funakoshi créa la JKA (Japan Karate Association), le Karaté-do était déjà enseigné dans les universités et dans tout le pays. Mais dès le début des années 50, des divergences se firent jour au sein de cette association qui devait réunir tous les styles de cet art. Les conflits éclatèrent quand le Maître Gichin Funakoshi mourut en 1957 à l'âge de 89 ans, et le Karaté-do se scinda définitivement en plusieurs écoles.
SENSEI SHIGERU EGAMI
Sensei Shigeru Egami was born on December 7th 1912 in Miyanoura-cho, Omuta-shi, Fukuoka-ken (Kyushu)
In 1932 he enters the university of Waseda, Shigeru Egami studied under
the direction of the Sensei Shimoda, who will encouter an early death,
and got part with Yoshitaka Funakoshi, the Sensei’s son, also
called Gigo, to several exhibitions in Nagoya, Kobe, Yawata, Wakamastu
karate-do, became meber of Kararate-Kenkyu-Kai.
In 1939 opening of the Dainippon Karate-do Shotokan Dojo, now in Mejiro, Tashimaku, Tokyo.
In 1945 destruction of the Shotokan Dojo under bombing.
During this time, Sensei Egami replaced Sensei Funakoshi and became member of the Shotokan.
In 1948 death of Gigo Yoshitaka Funakoshi(son).
In September 1955 Sensei Shigeru Egami became shihan of the Karate club of the university of Gakushin.
On April, 26th 1957 death of GichinFunakoshi.
On September, 1st Tokyu Karate Dojo was opened, and Sensei Shigeru Egami was officially appointed shihan. In Ocober, he also became shihan of the Karate club of the universities of Chuo and Toho. Shotokai association is gathered again according to the last will of its founder. As followers of the karate-do created by Sensei Funakoshi, Sensei Shigeru Egami gives a new dimension to this art which now can be totaly compared to Sensei Ueshiba’s Aikido in Budo. “ The one who wants to follow the Way of the real Karatehas not only to deepen the harmony with his opponant, but also complete it within himself. There is no question of killing, nor even of wining if, instead of opposing the movements of your opponant, you could move with him in a natural way, what would happen? You would be one with him, and whan he would move to hit you, your body would naturally move to prevent the blow. When you acheive this, you will discover a world you would not dare to imagine. When you are in harmony with your opponant and whan you are moving with him without opposition, there is then no more a first blow. The meaning of “Karate ni sente nashi” – there is no first blow in Karate- will only be understood when you will reach this level.”
Sensei Shigeru Egami supported the creation of school in Japan and in the whole world. In November 1970 he published Karate-do, for the the use of the professionals and in 1975 overuled the rebuilding of the Shotokan Dojo, Tokyo, Shibaura (now in Mejiro, Toshima-ku), from 1976 onward, he is the executive director.
Sensei Shigeru Egami travelled in 1973, in Los Angeles in 1976, in Taiwan, and the same year during the month of June he visited five european countries where he was welcomed by Sensei Tetsuji Murakami.
On January, 8th 1981 at 7:00pm death of Sensei Shigeru Egami in Tokyo.
SENSEI TETSUJI MURAKAMI
Sensei Tetsuji Murakami was born on March 31st 1927 in Shizuoka, a
seaside town 250km distant from Tokyo. He began Karate practicing at
the age of 20 with Sensei Masaji Yamaguchi (homonymous with the founder
of Gojo Ryu) who taught Shotokan Karate. He also practiced Kendo, Aikido,
and Lai with Sensei Minoru Mochizuki. It was thank to Jim Alcheik whom
he met in Japan, that Mr Henri Plée had him come in France in
November 1957. He was one of the first Sensei who came in France to
teach Karate where he stayed for the rest of his life. For 10 years
he taught Shotokan Karateall over European countries but also in Morocco
In Paris he dwelt at the Boulevard Auguste Blanqui in a Dojo where Judo Sensei Kawashi and Awaeu practiced.
It was in 1962 that he started teaching in the Dojo at the Rue Mercoeur.
During his return in Japan in 1967, Sensei Hoshima had him meet Sensei Shigeru Egami who taught him into another form of training : Shotokai, a development of Karate-do, was practiced at Shotokan or Honbu Dojo, central dojo), head of the Shotokai association created by Sensei Funakoshi had a revelation. Back in France after two months in Japan, he devoted onwards his energyto the knowing of the thought and work of Sensei Shigeru Egami.
He organised two trips for Sensei Shigeru Egami in Europe in 1976 and in 1978.
Sensei Tetsuji Murakami is to my knowing, the only Sensei who had put to the try his Karateka work and his teaching of Karate. He could have lived on his fame well established and acknowledged for dozens of years, or he could have elaborated a new method by building it on his own fame. Such as a painter tearing his famous painting, but that does not bring total satisfaction of completion and only listening to his profound sense, Sensei Tetsuji Murakami changed his form of teaching by trying to convince and share with his own pupils of the time, his own changes of thought and conception. A lot walked a way from him, and abandoned him, they did not get this new method. Yet they had ight in front of them someone who had detachment the meaning of his life. Detachment as understood in the meditative way of Zen and Yoga, and of course in the practice of martial arts. Detachment is linked to consciousness and is not in want of compensation. He followed this way in France and in Europe. Sensei Tetsuji Murakami was an exceptional man and karateka, demanding and involved, everyone practicing or not Shotokai Karate-do who came across with him keep an unforgettable memory.
He could not achieve his work, I cruelly miss him, his judgement, and advice.
SENSEI YVES AYACHE
Yves Ayache, born on October 24, 1949, is an engineer of formation, in mechanics of the fluids. At the age of eight, he begins the practice of the Judo in Marseilles, and obtains a few years later the black belt. At sixteen, he discovers Yoga and practises according to the principles established by Shri Aurobind. Later he studies Zen with Master Deshimaru.
Yves Ayache was the assistant to the late Master Tetsuji. Murakami.
He has been practicing Karate-do since 1970.
He has elaborated an individually adapted teaching-system, which enables everyone to fulfil himself, and in keeping with the essence of Karate-do such as it has been transmitted to him.
His knowledge of and his research on the Ki enables him to share this with his students, andhe integrates it in his teachings already from the early start. Ki demands daily practice.
His goal is to gather all those who adhere to these ideals, respecting the experience and the actual practice of each and every one. This should be done through various forms of exchange, in order to sustain and develop the vision of Karate-do which Master S. Egami made the goal of his life.
Yves Ayache is the founder of the Kiseikai association, which aims to develop Karate-do in the spirit of Masters S. Egami and T. Murakami.